Provision of primary health care services
In Pakistan, early lessons in primary health care were lost to sight and have been rediscovered only recently. Priorities need to be reassessed in order to better allocate resources to community needs. Developing and developed communities require different primary care services. Simple and effective epidemiological methods should be used to gather information required for planning and evaluation of services. In developing communities, where there is a shortage of doctors, trained nurses operate local clinics with the help of community workers. Community participation and the cooperation of the traditional healers are necessary. Appropriate training of personnel for an effective role in public health care is essential.
Awareness raising in community through literacy programs.
Tackling literacy issues is complex; it tends to involve several players, it is scattered throughout the society and related problems to literacy difficulties are often hidden. It all starts with awareness of the widespread and deep-rooted problem in all areas of society. Effective awareness raising activities are necessary to put the issue higher on the political agenda in order to achieve a decrease in the number of weak performers on literacy. So: awareness raising is a necessity if we want to make changes
In Pakistan, hundreds of people go blind every day, often from preventable causes like cataract. People in Western countries have ready access to cataract surgery, but in Pakistan most people don’t. Most eye care services are only available in Pakistan's major cities. Around two-thirds of the country’s population, and most people who are affected, live in remote areas without access to health services. Most people are unable to travel to get help – many simply can't afford the expense. Traditional women are particularly disadvantaged as they are not expected to travel alone
Communicable & non Communicable Diseases
In pakistan. Alot of infecious diseases like Hepatitis B and C,HIV-AIDS, TUBERCLUSIS,POLIO, Non communicable diseases like Diabetes,Hypertension,obesity etc .
Promotion of hygienic health practices
The goal of hygiene promotion is to help people to understand and develop good hygiene practices, so as to prevent disease and promote positive attitudes towards cleanliness. Several community development activities can be used to achieve this goal, including education and learning programmes, encouraging community management of environmental health facilities,and social mobilization and organization
Community development and organization into CBO'S
Working with CBOs to strengthen health care affordability for households has challenges, which include: identifying and building CBOs with a strong internal trust base; and co-ordination and collaboration among CBOs, and between CBOs and other non-governmental organizations and governmental structures
There is a growing need to strengthen health systems in Pakistan to help meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is widely accepted that a key constraint to achieving the MDGs is the absence of a properly trained and motivated workforce and improving the retention of health workers is critical for health system performance
Mother and Child Health Care
Pakistan faces huge challenges in meeting its international obligations and agreed Millennium Development Goal targets for reducing maternal and child mortality. While there have been reductions in maternal and under-5 child mortality, overall rates are barely above secular trends and neonatal mortality has not reduced much. Progress in addressing basic determinants, such as poverty, undernutrition, safe water, and sound sanitary conditions as well as female education, is unsatisfactory and, not surprisingly, population growth hampers economic growth and development across the country. The devolution of health to the provinces has created challenges as well as opportunities for action. FCA works a range of actions needed for change within the health and social sectors, including primary care, social determinants, strategies to reach the unreached, and accountability.